False Negativity of Tc-99m Labeled Sodium Phytate Bone Marrow Imaging Under the Effect of G-CSF Prescription in Aplastic Anemia: A Case Report

Document Type: Case report

Authors

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, PR China

Abstract

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a hematopoietic cytokine which controls the differentiation and growth of hematopoietic cells in the bone marrow. We report a severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patient with false-negative 99mTc sodium phytate bone marrow imaging findings under concurrent G-CSF therapy. The first bone marrow imaging showed a normal bone marrow activity. However, the bone marrow biopsy pathology report revealed a lack of hematopoietic cells. Furthermore, the complete blood count indicated severe pancytopenia resulting in the diagnosis of aplastic anemia (AA). A second marrow scan implemented after the stoppage of G-CSF showed an abnormal bone marrow activity, which matched the pathology reports. Accordingly, the concurrent administration of G-CSF was considered as the cause of false-negative bone marrow imaging findings obtained in the first scan. Consequently, it should be kept in mind that a 99mTc sodium phytate bone marrow scintigraphy during the concurrent administration of G-CSF may lead to the achievement of false negative results because it induces changes in bone marrow mimicking a normal marrow scan in patients with AA.

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