Document Type: Case report
Research Center for Nuclear Medicine, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Evaluation of calcified metastatic lesions by conventional imaging can be challenging. Ovarian cancer metastases can present with calcification which might increase in size and number following therapy. It is not entirely clear whether these calcifications are associated with tumor response or disease progression. Calcified lesions which do not change in size or configuration are particularly problematic when assessed by RECIST criteria. Positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) is of particular value as it demonstrates the metabolic activity of the calcified lesions, in addition, it might reveal metastases in unexpected sites. We report a case of serous papillary ovarian cancer with extensive abdomino-pelvic calcified metastases referred for evaluation of therapy response. Despite being reported as stable disease on CT evaluation, we observed increased metabolic activity in the calcified lesions both on CT-attenuation corrected and non-attenuation corrected images, which was indicative of inadequate response to therapy. PET/CT is an ideal modality in follow-up of patients with ovarian cancer presenting with calcified metastatic tumoral deposits.