Document Type : Original Article
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Department of Gastroenterology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Department of Thoracic Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Objective(s): We investigated the detectability of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) for neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN).
Methods: From January 2016 to October 2020, 125 SRS examinations using indium-111 pentetreotide performed for patients with NEN lesions were retrospectively evaluated. The detection rate of NEN lesions was determined according to histopathological classification by primary site and by organ.
Results: At least one NEN lesion was detected in 73% (91/125) with a positive Krenning score of ≥2 in SRS. The detection of abdominal NENs (gastrointestinal tract, 38; pancreas, 62; and others, 14) was 89% (49/55) for neuroendocrine tumor (NET)-grade (G) 1, 78% (32/41) for NET-G2, 66% (2/3) for NET-G3, 31% (4/13) for neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), 100% (1/1) for mixed neuroendocrine–non-neuroendocrine neoplasm, and 0% (0/1) for non-classified NEN. That of thoracic NENs was 33% (2/6) for typical carcinoid tumor and 40% (2/5) for atypical carcinoid tumor. For a total of 226 organ lesions, hepatic lesions were 76% (58/76); pancreatic lesions, 61% (31/51); lymph node lesions, 77% (27/35); bone lesions, 83% (20/24); duodenal lesions, 82% (9/11); and other lesions, 41% (11/27).
Conclusion: The detectability of SRS for NEN in Japan was verified at a center, and its usefulness was confirmed.