Document Type : Original Article
Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National research institute of tuberculosis and lung diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Objevtive(s): Neuroendocrine tumors are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that arise from the peptide-producing cells of the neuroendocrine system. Different functional imaging methods have been suggested to diagnose NETs. There is still not enough evidence to recommend 68Ga-DOTATATE as a standard diagnostic tool in NETs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the value of 68Ga-DOTATATE scan in detecting NETs.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. All patients with a pathologically confirmed NET tumor referred to Masih Daneshvari Hospital affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences entered the study. Patients underwent a 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT. All statistical analysis were performed by SPSS software version 18.
Results: Forty patients with a mean age of 48.1±15.80 years entered the study. Twenty-one (52.5%) were male and 19 (47.5%) female. In the studied patients, neuroendocrine tumor was present in 19 cases (47.5%) in pancreas and gastrointestinal tract, 9 (22.5%) in lung, 3 (7.5%) in mediastinum and adrenal gland, 6 cases (5%) in liver and 3 other sites. There was no significant association between mean age and gender with primary location of the tumor. The mean
SUVmax was 11.62±20.02 and the the mean tumor size was 38.25±31.35 mm. The mean size of the metastasis was 40.55±24.53 mm. The mean percentage of ki-67 was 12.54±18.40. There was no significant correlation between SUVmax of the lesion and age (r=0.063, P=0.701), tumor size (r=-0.63, P=0.067) or Ki-67 (r=0.011, P=0.960). In 20 cases, metastases were reported, of which 14 were (70%) in the liver, 3 in the lungs (15%), 2 in the gastrointestinal and cervical lymph nodes, and 1 in the bones and pancreas(%5).
Conclusion:68Ga-DOTA-peptide PET/CT could find the primary or metastasis sites of NETs with good quality images. In general, this modality can enhance the management in patients with NETs.